The state of Ukraine was only after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. In such a state existed in history before 1991, as part of any other state / empire — first the Russian Empire and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and after that there is the capacity of the Soviet Union republics. On the other hand, the Russians and Ukrainians in the same race, the Slavic race; their language is very similar (we, the foreigners, who know Russian, Ukrainians understand it, up to 80%, but can not speak, read or write, — the author), and there is almost no difference between culture, mentality, habitus, etc.
in the "Ukraine" has evolved, changed after writing and pronunciation of the original word — to the Russian "Ukraina", meaning "border". This word is sometimes used in the Middle Ages represents the southwestern part of Russia but is basically used to indicate that military personnel working in the region. The official name of the region was not yet "Ukraina", but "Malarussia" means "Little Russia".
Due to the region's so-called "Malarussia" a local spoke Russian, because it is different to some extent the Russian spoken in Moscow. But interestingly, the literary Russian language took its present form in this region as well, especially in Kiev, capital of Ukraine in the current. The more important fact is that the foundation established in Kiev in the Russian Empire. 988-D in the Russian Vladimir Sviatoslavich King founded the Russian Empire in Kiev brings the whole Slavic race of the same Russian natural Russian Orthodoxy and putting under all the big and small kingdoms of an emperor. From this point of view, Kiev is not only the first capital of the Russian Empire, but also the origin of Russian civilization.
But Kiev has lost political significance and influence towards the end of the XII century, Moscow became the new capital of the Russian Empire. At the time of another empire, in parallel with the Russian Empire, centering Moscow was established in Lithuania. Although the emperors of the Lithuanian empire is basically the Russians and the Russian was the official language, the general inclination is always to the west of Lithuania. As a result, Lithuania and Poland formed a federal government in 1569 to D — the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Lvov, another important city of the present Ukraine with Kiev fell under this Commonwealth. The population of Kiev and Lvov was, no doubt, the Russians, and was a branch of the Russian Orthodox Christianity, but also of Poles, Lithuanians, and the Emperor were Catholics. As a result, the Russians have become second-class citizens of the Commonwealth. The Russians were ordered to be converted to catholicity. Russian Empire was imposed not migrate as well.
The Commonwealth is not limited to issuing orders only; In 1596 the Russians D forcibly converted to Catholicism and the priests of the Russian Orthodox Church was murdered. In after-effects to it, "Orthodox Brotherhood" was between the Russians, who escaped from the conversion.
Already before the Russians left only three ways to change themselves or Catholicism or flee the Russian Empire in the East, or to fight the actual existence and rights in their homeland. He decided in the third, and the war was declared in 1648 under the leadership of Bogdan Khmelnitsky D. After six years of terrible war, signing a contract with the Commonwealth and the Russian Empire. Kiev entered the Russian Empire, but remained in Lvov.
The Commonwealth was weak towards the end of the eighteenth century, and in 1772 the D much of the land allocated to the Prussian, Austrian-Hungarian and Russian empires. Lvov came under the Austro-Hungarian Empire. And Poland has been almost non-existent in the 1795 D
The Russians have been guilty in the eyes of the lonely patients Poles fate. They put all the pain and anger, hatred and enmity with the Russians. The Poles, no doubt imagined restored the once great Polish empire, but as this was not possible, so plan to take away the territory of the Russian Empire had in Poland: since this area was not under Poland at that time, the same can not be covered in Russia! The Poles were launched a campaign claiming that the population of the area in Russia were not Russians but also Ukrainians! This means that the Ukrainians were a separate nation 'own language and culture, "and that is why Russia had no rights in the occupied land: Russia has been occupying the land illegally!
In fact, it is the Poles who invented the artificial ideals of the Ukrainian nation, "" the Ukrainian language and culture ", etc. In 1795 AD Polish intellectual Jan Potocki first analyzes the Malarussian region and spoke Russian a specific area" Ukraine "and" Ukrainian language & # 39; respectively. In 1801, another Polish intellectual Tadeusz D Czacki clearly mentions in his book that the population Malarussia were not Russians, but another country. He forwarded the "theory" claiming that the Malarussians migrated to the region in the areas of Volga, Ural, etc. VII century, but did not have any evidence or documents to support it.
This may be evidence of "theory" that did not go unnoticed and forgotten over time, but some incidents have occurred in the Russian Empire at that time rather helped it grow. It regarded the Russian Emperor (Tsar) Alexander I, the Polish nobles educated and efficient than the Russian partners. As a result, the Poles occupied all the important posts of the Empire: they were the heads of the education system and the Academy of Sciences. They took the whole education system Malarussia hands, and included such things, the following material: Malarussia still in the West (which means Europe, and that is why it is civilized); The inhabitants were not Russians, but another nation; The Russians are Asians (meaning barbarians) and aggressors. These have included such incredible things: Russia and Ukraine are also engaged in war with 5-6 times, since such a war never occurred, and there was no possibility that!
But the fruit of the efforts made by the Polish nobles: books written sometimes seen as a lie is the truth. Nikolay Kostomarov Malarussian residents formed an organization among the intellectuals, teachers and Kiev. The organization announced that Ukraine nor Russia nor Malarussia, but a separate country, and lived in a separate nation — the Ukrainian nation. The dialect was declared complete Malarussia selected language and a new script by mixing Russian and Roman was set up in a hurry. He wrote a new dictionary gathers Malarussian the words of the dialect of the "Dictionary of Ukrainian language"!
together with the Russian-dominated area of Lvov, once in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and under the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy was called Galicia. The intellectuals were busy Malarussian spread out books and news papers "Ukrainian" by "Ukrainian language". Malarussia not release it took place, but in Galicia.
The Galician Russians called "Ruthenian" or "Rutens" and they've put catholicity. As the Russians kept the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the second-class citizens and to suppress the Poles, the Russian Galician, especially the noble, she devoted herself to the Austro-Hungarian Empire. They also fought on behalf of the weapon in his hand during the Austro-Hungarian emperor of the Polish and Hungarian uprisings of 1809 and 1848 respectively D. The emperor to wear a strip parallel manner has a yellow and blue colors. Interestingly, the present flag is yellow and blue of Ukraine put a parallel manner!
Although the victim of the Austro-Hungarian Empire Rutens is proved, the emperor did not take their full confidence, having the same language and culture, at any time, they could have shifted their determination of the Russian Empire. To establish oversight of the emperor set out certain conditions for them in 1848 AD: If the Rutens wanted to help and support the emperor, you need to consider themselves non-Russians, but also independent and marked the nation, and should avoid the nationality of the Russian Empire. As said before, books and newspapers that published "Ukrainian" in Galicia. Now a new name in the "separate and complete indicating the nation" has become a necessity, and the emperor approved the "Ukrainian" them.
classes, of course, was "one Rutens" this issue: some never want to give up the Russian Root, but others wanted to be "Ukrainians". On the other hand, it also revealed that the "Ukrainian" indicating incomplete language, but a mixture of words and phrases in Russian and Polish Language and Dialect Malarussian Galicia.
The process of expanding the "Ukrainian language" has become a general Rutens painful, because they could not understand why the Russian words cleverly replace local words. The end came concluded that the origin of the process towards "Ukrainization" is nothing but lies, forgery and infidelity.
Austro-Hungarian Empire, on the other hand, violence has forwarded the process of developing the 'New Nation. " writers and journalists who do not want the "New Language" tagged as "Spies Moscow". Teaching materials printed with "Ukrainian" and the teachers are dissatisfied with it, was deposed. Ukrainization "in full swing in 1892 AD." Ukrainian nationalist "Manshilovsky Joseph wrote in his book:" … Ukrainism mean forgetting the past and felt ashamed to be thrown from the Root of Russian history and Russian … the specific characteristics and all effort should be made to spread "Ukrainism" …
the Austro-Hungarian monarchy got the chance to destroy your opponents' Ukrainism "during world war II prisoner in 1914, and in 2000 the war in Russia empire prisons Galicia. As well as prisoners of war, many of these teachers, doctors, and even the farmers of Galicia, who opposed "Ukrainism" they were killed. 300 priests of the Russian Orthodox Church were based only doubt would have been able to keep a secret sympathy for Orthodoxy! A lot of innocent people, who spoke Russian, Russian or former names, or kept in a Russian-language newspapers and books in their houses, arrested, labeling them "Spies Moscow", and then killed. These events are always left over from the big black spots on Austrian history.
The more painful fact is that the so-called Ukrainian nationalists also took part in these inhumane activities: they themselves were hanged and shot his own friends, siblings and even relatives! Thus, the Ukrainian nationalism was born, even before the Ukrainian nation was founded!
The real purpose of those incidents happened in Austria to understand the statement of the then Foreign Minister Leopold Berchtold. In November 1914, announced: "… the real purpose of this war is that Russia is weak for a long time, if not forever If we win, we will create separation Malarussia Sovereign Ukraine Russia …."
with the aim of creating Sovereign Ukraine, Austria ordered to write the story of 10 parts of Ukraine and the Ukrainian people, "Mikhail Grushevsky who escaped from Galicia, the Russian empire Grushevsky included in this." history "that three Russians: the first was established in Kiev, the the second in Moscow, and the third in Lithuania, the population has been the Kiev Russia was the "Ukrainians" the Ruthenian students Galicia studied this "History", and I began to believe that whatever was written, it was the truth: they have started to think that it is not. They were Russians, but a separate nation, and instead of the willingness of Russia to the west began to grow. and Grushevsky not only the "honor" huge amounts of money, but also presented a big house in the Kiev write this "History." Interestingly, in 1991 the Ministry of Education of the Ukrainian government recognized the "History" in the Grushevsky!
It should be noted that Ukrainian nationalism and fascism in Germany was from the beginning. Malarussian resident and Ukrainian nationalist Nikolai Mikhnovsky forwarded these slogans: "Ukraine for Ukrainians only —," "Russians Malarussia and Lithuania, Poles, Hungarians, Romanians and Jews are our enemies — Dmitry Dontsov another Ukrainian nationalist who was three anti-czarist Russia! Galicia's activities and fled to avoid arrest, the fourth, was led under the 'Liberation Movement of Ukraine, "the personal supervision of the Austrian emperor She also wrote in 1926." … as the highest pursuit of creating your own country does not appear until the items are not exchanged through axioms and dogmas, while shyness is not converted to the brutality, there is not any — Ukraine! … The main principle of Ukrainian nationalism. Ukraine Europe (a civilized), Russia Asia (barbaric), and this is why the friendship between them is impossible … "
It is necessary to mention that the under fascism seen any so-called anti-Russian action takes place in present-day Ukraine. 50% of the population in the Donetsk district, which is located in the eastern part of Ukraine, Russia, and this is why the district is not more "of Ukraine," the Ukrainian people. and they're ready to destroy the district completely! in affect, the Russians, the district will be forced to fight the Ukrainian armed forces for their own survival. Ironically, the same thing happened in 1648 AD Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. and America and the west, spreading propaganda all over the world to Russia's aggression in Ukraine carries helps the 'rebels' weapons and ammunition
Thus, the Austrian empire extended its full support to the construction known as indicating the help and Ukrainian nationalism. The indifferent attitude towards the Russian Empire Rutens happened to help the Russian Galician received no financial assistance or political support from Russia.
However, the "Ukrainian nationalism" even on foreign soil, but after the formation of the Soviet Union, began an official Ukrainism help and assistance within the EU. Galicia, however, is still a foreign country, but Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic was established on the basis of already established with other Malarussia "Ukrainism".
Stalin in 1921, the then Minister of associated jobs Nations announced: "… if there are still some elements of the Russian republic of Ukrainian cities, you will be sure to replace step by step Ukrainian elements …". And in 1923, the Communist Party of the Republic of Ukraine announced that it will start Ukrainization: production system, education system, print media, theater etc. have been ukrainized. In 1929 Ukrainian language has been teaching for more than 80% of primary schools nearly 55% of secondary schools and 10% of the institutes and universities. And in 1930, 90% of News Papers and Magazines 80% of the Republic of Ukraine started to be published in the Ukrainian language, while Malarussian citizens do not hear "Ukraine" and "Ukrainian language" for another 15 years before it!
Some Ukrainian nationalists called Galicia came after the formation of the Republic of Ukraine. The local people were fed doubt and leaving them ignored. He said: "I feel good, the Russians and the Ukrainians hate just hate the German fascists is why we ask the Russian Federation is attached to us.".
The Galician Ukrainian nationalists, though, was still trying to find "Sovereign Ukraine. In 1929, the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists announced" on the basis of Sovereign Ukraine "Towards a nation and a half. The end of the 30s, it It was closer to the German fascists and participated in the training programs of Gestapo and the German spies engaged in terrorist activities. they thought that after the capture, the fascists would be handed over to the Republic of Ukraine to them and would be able to found the "Sovereign Ukraine. However, the fascists had no such intention, rather planned transformation of the entire Soviet Union and the Ukrainian Republic, the Colony. The Ukrainian nationalists, in collaboration with the fascists, it was the signing of inhumanity and brutality of history: the beginning of the Second World War and the Russians, Poles, Jews and Armenians killed in Lvov. On March 22, 1943, they burned down the village called "Khatyn" in Belarus. They proved that inhumanity and brutality of the highest degree Volynia Poland: 70,000 Poles, including children, elderly people and women, have been wiped out. However, thousands of citizens of the Republic of Ukraine fought the Fascists and getting wounded and killed at that time, it was the Soviet Union, which recognized formally for the first time in history Ukrainism.
Had the Soviet Union not extended assistance and support to the Ukrainian culture had become extinct. The Union can provide the sense of security and stability for all; this really makes sense longer exists after its dissolution. Therefore, the sense of insecurity and instability now dominates all the former republics, including Ukraine. America and the West, tried to create a sense of insecurity and instability in the Soviet Union in the Cold War times. Their goal is to clearly was to separate Ukraine to the EU, as well as cheap labor and land, Ukraine vast park, natural resource development — it is essential to America and the West. The geographical position of Ukraine is also important to set out here, the whole world may be held this position under control. Therefore, financial and political help and assistance has been extended to the Ukrainian nationalist organizations based in America, Europe and Canada. At the same time, they have been spreading propaganda that the Soviet Union explains "aggression" in Ukraine. There is also on the same spread propaganda, but by "Soviet Union" in the "Russian"!
Ukraine artificial state that has no roots of its own, the root of the tongue and the culture and civilization and history remained in Russia and, therefore, their own survival, only one road remains before the country — hostility in Russia! As a result, as well as America and the West, Ukraine is forced to keep running the propaganda of the "Russian aggression" and "Russian Fear". Such propaganda was during action last recording Crimea to Russia, although the Crimea was never part Malarussia: 1954 based only on certain political calculations, Nikita Khrushchev, the then president of the Soviet Union annexed the commercial and strategic importance to Sevastopol and the Crimea to the Ukrainian Republic. Development of
self-exploiting, oppressing and depriving others — these are the main aims and the United States and the West. They are now behaving in a way like very much concerned about the current situation in Ukraine, which has been "in Russia. Created by these again and again repeating the" democracy "and" within the framework of development "to Ukraine, but in reality, they are not at all concerned with, it is democracy or development in Ukraine. They want to do business in Ukraine, not to the benefit of the country, but his own, and the business is easier when democracy in the country. democracy also helps them taking advantage of the vast natural resources, fertile land and cheap labor Ukraine for their own benefit and development.
the sooner Ukraine understand these things, and instead of America and the West, comes sooner closer to Russia, which is the country's share in the common language, cultural and religious roots, as well as a blood relation of the first in the country to achieve security and stability, and will be able to maintain its own existence as soon as possible.