South Africa needed a visa to travel overseas if

South African passport holders need a visa to enter the Schengen area without Europe. The country in the Schengen Area: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain and Sweden.

If you are visiting just one Schengen country, you must apply the Schengen visa at that country embassy or consulate.

If the intention Visitor several Schengen countries, you must apply the Schengen visa at the embassy or consulate of the country where you will be able to spend most of the time. For example, if you are visiting Germany for three days, France and the Netherlands two days each, would apply the Schengen visa at the embassy or consulate of Germany.

If you are visiting several Schengen countries but will not be the main objective, you must apply the Schengen visa at the embassy or consulate of the country first, then ENTER.

visa Schengen visa in several times similar to the above countries, and the need for a single Schengen visa. There are several kinds Schengen visas – a transit visa, short-stay and long-stay visa, airport transit visa and group visa (under certain circumstances). The overall cost of a Schengen visa (any category) in the l60 (R575).

during any visa application, you must telephone the embassy or consulate concerned.

The Schengen visa will be issued a temporary passport South Africans provided to passengers traveling within two months, the question of whether an emergency passport, and if it is a South African Traveller személyazonosító Act. Some Schengen countries will not allow entry to a temporary passport. Check the trip before.

Austria: Austrian Embassy, ​​Pretoria, phone 012-452-9155. Cost: E60.

Belgium: Belgian Consulate General, Rosebank, Joburg, phone 011-912-9600. Cost: E60.

UK: South African passport holders do not need a visa without access to visits Britain for up to six months. However, visa clearance can not be issued a temporary passport. Working holiday makers must have a visa for entering Britain. Work visa application must be made by DHL Visa Center (the British freelance Commission). Call 0861-858-4727 or go []. Cost: R195 plus costs for DHL appropriate visa.

Canary Islands: SA passport holders will need a Schengen visa to enter. The Spanish Embassy, ​​Pretoria, phone 012-460-0123. Cost: E60.

Cyprus: Cyprus High Commission, Pretoria, 012-342-5258. Cost: R110.

Denmark: Royal Danish Embassy, ​​Pretoria, phone 012-430-9340 or at the Royal Danish Consulate General, Sandton, phone 011-804-3374. Cost: E60.

Finland: The Finnish Embassy, ​​Pretoria, phone 012-343-0275. Cost: E60.

France: French Consulate General, Rosebank, phone 011-778-5600. Cost: E60.

Germany: German Embassy – visa section of Pretoria, 012-427-8999. Cost: E60.

Greece: Greek Consulate General, Illovo, 011-214-2300. Cost: E60.

Iceland: The Royal Danish Embassy represents Iceland in the issue of a visa, Royal Danish Embassy, ​​Pretoria, phone 012-430-9340 or the Royal Danish Consulate General, Sandton, phone 011-804 -3374. Cost: E60.

Ireland: SA passport holders do not need to enter Ireland, suspension for up to three months without a visa. Contact the Embassy of Ireland in Pretoria, 012-342-5062 for more information.

Italy: The Italian Embassy in Pretoria Pretoria residents only issues visas. Phone 012-423-0000. Applications South African living in ZIP codes 1000-2899 and 9300-9999 to the General Consulate of Italy, Houghton, phone 011-728-1392. Cost: E60.

Luxembourg: The Belgian Consulate General, telephone 011-912-9600. Cost: E60. The South African temporary passports are not allowed in force in Luxembourg.

Malta: SA passport holders need a visa to Malta, but if you have a Schengen visa, you can enter it in Malta. The tiszteletbeli Consulate of Malta, Cape Town, phone 021-430-5319. Contact the Maltese government website

Monaco: Contact the Consulate of Monaco 021-702-0991 Tiszteletbeli / 2

Netherlands: The Dutch Embassy, ​​Pretoria, phone 012-425-4500. Cost: E60. The South African temporary passports are traveling should not be allowed to enter the Netherlands.

Norway: Royal Norwegian Embassy, ​​Pretoria, phone 012-342-6100. Cost E60. As well as the Schengen visa to travel to South Africans must have a SA identity books to show proof of residence, temporary passport.

Portugal: Portuguese Consulate General, Johannesburg, 011-622-0645-9 or the Portuguese embassy – consular department, Pretoria, 012-341-5522. Cost: E60.

Spain: The Spanish Embassy, ​​Pretoria, phone 012-460-0123. Cost: E60. As well as the Schengen visa to travel to South Africans must have a SA identity books to show proof of residence, a temporary passport.

Sweden: Swedish Embassy, ​​Pretoria, phone 012-426-6400. Cost: E60.

Switzerland: SA passport holders do not need a visa can enter Switzerland without not exceeding three months. But when studying, working, etc., they will need a visa. The Swiss Embassy, ​​Pretoria, phone 012-452-0660.

Turkey: South African passport holders need a visa to Turkey. The Turkish Embassy, ​​Pretoria, phone 012-342-6053 / R676 4. The cost of the visa.

Source by Gerald Crawford

Hercules – What is the measure of a true hero?

Long ago, far away land of ancient Greece, there was a golden age of powerful gods and extraordinary heroes. And the biggest and strongest of all these heroes was the great Hercules. But what is the measure of a true hero? Ah, this is what our story … "

Fables fashionable, no doubt about it. The film, the world is saved in the 21st century superhero few times a day, because neither the futuristic . technology and astonishing powers of

However, for me at Disney "Hercules" is the best film in this genre ever: it is based on the only film in Greek mythology – gods among them the timeless tales, the world complicated relationships and people discovered the secrets of life on earth, conveying struggling important lessons mortals.

the conduct of the Royal Society of Mount Olympus in those days, it seems as fallible than today's jet set and the absence of TV, the stories of their lives and adventures, weaknesses and misdemeanors in ancient Greece apparently was the talk of the town

as an animated film first released in 1997, the ancient characters of Walt Disney's "Hercules" talking about a very modern language. – Charlton Heston ( narrator), Rip Torn (Zeus, chief of the gods), James Woods (Hades, lord of the underworld) and Danny DeVito (Phil the Satyr) was released including their voices in a fast-paced, wildly funny and very entertaining movie for kids and adults alike.

What is often overlooked, though, is that the story of Hercules is a brilliant parable of the human cycle of life on earth – to me that most of his films. It all starts with the party on Mount Olympus, where the gods reserved the right entrance is to celebrate the birth of Hercules, son of Zeus and Hera. The host welcomes a new guest:

"Hades, you finally made How are things in the underworld.?" "Well, they're just fine. You know, a little dark, a little gloomy. And, as always, hey, full of dead people. What are you going to do?"

The evil Hades plans to overthrow Zeus, as leader of the gods in what he sends helpers pain and panic after a "hostile takeover bid", however, and soon the party abduct Hercules down Earth, because the fate predict that it might thwart a coup 18 years later.

Although the pain and fear is still the most effective allies dark forces today, good help was hard to find, even in those days, and pain and panic did not quite manage to infuse a magic potion Hercules would make him forget his divine origin.

As a result, Hercules retains his superhuman strength of his spells on the ground – but that does not make him a very popular, like an impetuous teenager, she breaks everything it touches, and not allowed anywhere near the local pottery shop. & # 39;. Jerkules " his nickname back then, and I want to be normal like everyone else

just wants to fit in somehow, and he knows where he belongs, in which the scene of the archetypal hero's mission – this is very much highlighted his catchy song & # 39; to go the distance ":" I'll find my way, I can go the distance, I'll be there a few days, if you can be strong; I know that every mile is worth will be my go. "

So when you leave the home of the parents to find their place in the world, the first stop of the temple of Zeus, in a quiet place, though, to ask for guidance. There he learns that his father is a famous – and Zeus tells him that he had to prove himself a true hero on earth to restore its status as a god.

How to become a true hero?

learn the expert.

Zeus the advice and help of Pegasus the flying horse, Hercules looking Philictetus, the coach of the heroes. Phil disillusioned, because the former customers such as Perseus and Achilles did not go the full distance, but it takes Hercules, and shows him all the tricks of the hero-commerce. We all make mistakes and get hurt in the process a few times, of course – if you are taught that you have to learn and the lines between teacher and student gets blurry after a while.

Along the way, Hercules is to save Megara, the distressed, and they fall in love – does not know that he had sold his soul to Hades, however, and is committed to help him settle the cosmos to take over Mount Olympus. Despite efforts to Hercules out of the way before they spoil the prey, she will be a famous superstar "zero to hero" of the big city its own merchandised brand of consumer goods, the royalties that go with it, and the great life that everyone envies .

But to be rich and famous, powerful and efficient is not a true hero, Zeus tells him in another visit to the temple – before Hercules to join the gods he must have done something to make her discover herself something only found by looking inside. for the love of it –

Hades meanwhile angry and very disappointed with the lack of progress until you find a single weakness of Hercules. Hercules finally agrees to give up his massive strength to win a 24-hour liberty from the clutches of Hades – who immediately launch the attack on the World unleashing Titans.

But You, Pegasus and Hercules Phil did not give up shattered dreams and help him in his darkest hour. Along with the gods on Mount Olympus, Hades and defeat the Titans and liberate the planet earth from the underworld of tyranny and oppression – but not without casualties: You will die!

In a desperate attempt to change the course of events Hercules rushes to Hades and strikes a deal with him. & # 39; to bring Meg place "after His dive river of death, selflessly offered his life in exchange for his, but fate did not cut the thread that both of them appear alive – the underworld is not the power of God

he and the huge Hercules whisked off to Mount Olympus – now she can be reunited with his family back home a happy Zeus. explains: & # 39; a true hero is not measured the size of power – but the strong heart "

This is the moment, Hercules has always dreamed of, but realizes that life without love! even an immortal life would be empty – and decides to stay on the ground Meg and her friends finally know where I belong. "

I love it!

What if we all forget that we are powerful beyond measure and I have a connection with unlimited support of divine origin?

What if you knew that exactly where we belong, no matter where you are always, and what do we do?

Source by Berend Lange

What is Authentic Bavarian and Austrian Alpine Folk Music (Echte Volksmusik Alpenlaendische)?

When Americans think of German music, they associate it hears the sounds of the band Polka different Oktoberfests held across the country. What most of them do not know, however, is that the music is just one of the many kinds of German people's voices. I do not know if anybody tried to classify all of them, and I certainly will not attempt here. At the same time I want to introduce and explain a certain kind of Volksmusik which I think is the most authoritative among the regions in Bavaria, Austria and Northern Italy.

The main types Volksmusik

Generally speaking, we can say that there are three main kinds of Volksmusik. Most of the least commercial (and I use the word not a negative connotation at all), they are:

1 – Volkstuemliche Musik. Volkstuemliche Musik is the most similar to what Americans are used to hear. Amusement topics, joyful rhythms (mostly Polkas), some modern instruments like drums, bass guitar, electric keyboard and the repertoire is mainly a family history of tradition. At the highest level, volkstuemliche Musik brings huge crowds of musicians and local real pop star.

2 – Oberkrainer Musik. Oberkrainer Musik comes originally from Slovenia. A typical combined with one or two accordion, clarinet and trumpet playing in harmony, the bass and / or tuba (or bass brass) and a semi-acoustic guitar. Oberkrainer pieces generally cheerful and happy themes, although there are several varieties used in the dance-rhythms. There is a strong emphasis on instrumental virtuosity and often have a rich repertoire borrowing Echte Volksmusik.

3 – Authentic Alpine Volksmusik (Echte Volksmusik Alpenlaendische). This music was played mainly in Bavaria, Austria and Sudtirol (Italy), and its roots back to the late 18th century. The vast majority of the historic repertoire – especially pieces that are passed down through generations unwritten and are therefore subject to regional variations in the music and lyrics. Echte Volksmusik between devices in the Styrian Harmonica (buttonbox accordion), the zither, a classical guitar, harp, double bass; plus clarinet, trumpet, violin, and other lesser-used tools such as Ocarina, a Dorombszövetség and a kind of xylophone called Mountain Hoelzernes Glachter. Rhythm diverse range of topics and is optimistic about the melancholy.

anatomy authentic Volksmusik

Authentic (echte) Volksmusik be a variety of shapes, such as Stubenmusi (mountain lounge music), Saitenmusi (string-band music), duets, trios, quartets, etc. in different makeups from the purely instrumental to a cappella.

If you had to describe the typical Volksmusik piece, I'd do it in the following manner, bearing in mind that this is a generalization, there are many exceptions.

is a big part of the music is based on dance rhythms typical of the area. While Americans typically associate with German music Polkas, perhaps the most popular dances in authentic Volksmusik Landler and Boarischer. The Polka and Walzer (Waltz) is certainly a place of honor, any more than "accent pieces" as the main fare.

Most of the long-term, and the vast majority of eight or sixteen bars pieces to be danced – the (usually), except for a few songs and Yodlers.

to Boarischer

Boarischer one of the bounciest dances of Alpine tradition, and one of the absolute favorite among the locals. The dialect known as Bayrischer (Bavaria), it is a convenient jumping several variations of Polka, that dancing 2/4 time, not by chance As Bayrisch Polka. Austria is also known Bauernpolka or Farmer Polka.

Dating to the mid-19th century, the Boarischer danced in several ways, including offener Boarischer (open Boarischer) and the characters Boarischer (Figure Boarischer).

The Landler

The Landler or Ländler a 3/4 time from the last decades of the 18th century dance. It can be as fast as the classic waltz or as slow as a sweet lullaby, which is the incredible versatility. Along with the Boarischer, this is one of the most popular dances in authentic alpine music.

The Landler also by the kind of dance often Schuhplattlers who take advantage of the slightly slower pace, to illustrate the complexity of the arm and leg work. Similarly, faster Landlers often used by musicians to showcase their technical prowess, as it usually takes several feature-intensive parts such as classical cousin circulating.

The Dots

Pöttyös became standardized as the first half of the 1800s – the name means "the Polish" from no coincidence that in Eastern Europe. This dance is a quick 2/4 time, and for many has become synonymous with the German music – especially music Oktoberfest.

The credibility Volksmusik, the Polka is heard less often than the other 2/4 -time cousin of Boarischer.


Minuet and Waltz of the Deutscher Tanz dance in a 3/4 time, from the 18th century. This is a strong-flowing swing makes it a favorite among dancers, and this was, of course, battle horse of the great Viennese composer Johann Strauss.

The Alpine music is often on hand to circulating Landler second place, although the two can be like dancing.

to Marsch

The Marsch (March), recognizable by its military-like 2/4 or 4/4 rhythm. It is often used as the entry dancers in traditional Alpine music pieces or even Schuhplattling. Although these dance pieces, too many marches lyrics of one or more of the sections – are often some of the most fun and hymn-like tradition.

vocal music

vocal music, this tradition is mainly divided between numbers and Yodlers. Most of the songs are accompanied by instruments, dance rhythms follow one mentioned above, and may or may not include a section yodel-style singing. Topics vary from nostalgic to downright obscene, love or work-ethic of "wink-wink" double meaning.

On the other hand, most Yodlers slowly flowing wordless harmonies sung a cappella, and these voices remind us of the pure Alpine echoes.

The traditional Alpine Volksmusik Instruments

Traditional alpine Volksmusik uses a very well-defined tools. A unique tradition dating back over a hundred years old, so the devices associated with it quite distinctive and timeless. The equipment Volksmusik bands are playing straight into the Alpine tradition and tied to the group's sound is rich and full.

In addition to the traditional instruments played, after a clearly defined technique, which is still grown in conservatories and music -schools the Alpine areas. In other words, what the game is not the only thing that matters is how you play is just as important.

Here is a list of some of the most commonly heard Alpine Volksmusik tools, as well as a brief description of their characteristics.


The zither is a desktop tool for plucked string family, and achieved worldwide fame in the soundtrack to the film The Third Man. It's a fingerboard five strings whose pitch is controlled by the left hand, as well as many unfretted strings tuned in fifths. On the right side you pick up the fretboard strings with a thumb ring, striving for bass accompaniment and the ring, middle and index fingers.

The main difficulty in playing the zither coordination. The right thumb that is completely independent of the other fingers play the melody with feeling and expression, while the other three fingers to find the rhythm of pace and a good bounce.

There are two main tuning Zither: the Bavarian and Vienna.

Steirische Harmonica

Solid alpine instrument, the accordion gets its name from Styria Steiermark (Styria), in the region of Austria that has produced many excellent Volksmusikanten. Three or more rows of buttons on the right hand is played, each producer's notes after a key press in the main Triassic dominant accordion and pulls the seventh (plus a few other notes); and the appropriate number of bass playing in the left hand.

The Styrian just play the right keys on the keyboard are. For example, a Styrian, which is only three lines (for example, G, C, F), just play G, C and F. This is a typically brassy bass called Helicon, which is reminiscent of a Tuba or Posaune, and it makes the Styrian sound is unmistakable.

classical guitar

The classical guitar is one of the most important tools accompanied by an authentic Alpine folk music. The game most of the fingers on the right hand side (no pick), the thumb to play bass and bass-runs, chords and performing other fingers.

Although physically similar to the classic Spanish guitar known almost everywhere, the Alpine requests a special classical guitar playing technique and the perfect feeling for this type of music. A very typical type is a companion "PAH-rooms" pattern, in which the bass is kept very short stopping almost immediately on the palm or the back of the thumb, while the left-hand chord sounds more freely. There are several interesting bass runs, which feature Alpine music and add bounce and enthusiasm to every piece.

The guitar can also be used as a melodic instrument, primarily other guitars and / or harp, zither and similar stringed instruments.

The Hackbrett

hammered dulcimer is a kind of Hackbrett. To use either melodic-harmonic, that is playing together with other instruments; or rhythmic, that plays eight notes, while the other plays a musical instrument has values. It is very common in Stubenmusi Saitenmusi and Alpine breeds Volksmusik and is suitable for indoor wonderfully, unmiked locations.

Schrammel Guitar

The Schrammel guitar is a second regular classical guitar neck is tight unfretted nine additional bass strings are usually tuned to a chromatic during the European Championship in the 6 string guitar down during the G – although alternate tuning is allowed.

This kind of guitar made popular in Vienna at the turn of "Sramli" groups of the last century, where the guitar, accompanied by instruments like the violin and the clarinet. The thumb of the right hand plays the bass, the guitar and the bass range of the regular strings, while the other fingers play the higher notes of the left hand touched the guitar fretboard.

Of course, the Schrammel guitar can be played as a regular classical guitar when asked.

The Harp, bass and other instruments

Few people know that in the modern pedal harp owes at least some roots in the Tyrol, Italy, in the region bordering Austria. In Volksmusik, the harp is used in a very eclectic way – either as a solo instrument or as an accompaniment to other instruments.

The double bass almost ubiquitous in large groups, where the deep notes together in a harmonious basis, and the main rhythmic scansion. It can be played either with a bow or plucking, but either way, the dances played mostrly short, staccato notes. This "room" A "room-PAH 'rhythm, playing mostly alternating root and fifth chord being played on other devices. A common variation of (or in addition to) the bass is a bass tuba in the brass like.

More commonly heard instruments include a clarinet, trumpet and violin, while including the sound sometimes heard is that the ocarina, Jew's harp, the Mountain xylophone (Hoelzernes Glachter) and the funny names, funny-looking Teufelsgeige or devil's violin, rhythmic percussion.

Alpine Volksmusik USA

Alpine Volksmusik not easy to find in the US – at least as competent musicians played well in the tradition. There are a few individuals and / or groups scattered around the country who will be delighted to share their passion for this wonderful musical form for those interested. The players of this music echte Volksmusikanten approach their music and instruments almost classical meticulousness, at any concert you'll see all the joie-de-vivre and zest, that in itself is a big part of this tradition.

The best way to hear what it sounds authentic Volksmusik to visit YouTube and search for "Echte Volksmusik" or names such as Franz Posch.

I hope that this brief article, you are more inclined to learn about and appreciate the wonderful sounds Alpine Volksmusik – which is a breath of fresh mountain air that will make everyone smile every time I played.

Source by Seppel Bellot